What is the corona virus?
Corona viruses are viruses that most people encounter instantly in their life. Human corona viruses often cause mild to moderate upper respiratory diseases. Corona viruses have three subgroups known as alpha, beta and gamma; there is also a fourth new group called delta corona viruses; SARS-CoV. Human corona viruses were first detected in the mid-1960s. Until 2020, the virus, which appeared only in Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Jordan, caused the death of 3 people.
Corona virus targets respiratory tract
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause different pictures, from mild colds to severe respiratory distress. Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory disease caused by a new corona virus (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus or MERS CoV), first described in Saudi Arabia in 2012.
How is it transmitted?
Corona viruses can cause diseases in many different creatures. However, SARS-CoV can infect animals and animals such as monkeys, Himalayan musk cat, raccoon dog, cats, dogs and rodents. This virus is more common in winter; it can affect the respiratory tract, liver, stomach, intestine and nervous system. Flu, such as flu, coughs and sneezing, can be transmitted through the removal of viruses that come into contact with the mouth and nose after touching the infected material.
Especially can go through animals
The virus is thought to be transmitted to humans from animals (camels, bats). In particular, contamination with camel meat and milk is at the forefront. It is transmitted from sick people to others through close contact, such as living or caring for the same environment as the infected person. By touching the mouth, nose and eyes with hands that have come into contact with surfaces and objects contaminated with microbes; The virus passes to humans by inhalation of droplets thrown into the air during sneezing, coughing and speaking.
What are the symptoms and how is it diagnosed?
It can be a runny nose, cough, sore throat and fever, which are mostly symptoms of upper respiratory diseases. These viruses can sometimes cause lower respiratory diseases such as pneumonia. This condition is more common in people with heart-lung disease, immune system deficiency, or older people. Laboratory tests are not often used, as clinical symptoms are mild. However, if necessary, laboratory tests such as serological tests and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can be used.
Caution if there is fever, diarrhea and vomiting!
The time from exposure to MERS-CoV to the onset of symptoms (incubation period) is 2-14 days. Many people with confirmed MERS-CoV infection develop severe acute respiratory disease with symptoms of fever, cough, and shortness of breath. In some patients, digestive system findings in the form of diarrhea, nausea and vomiting accompany the picture. Many patients develop serious complications such as pneumonia and kidney failure, and about 30% of these patients die. Most of the dead have other underlying medical problems (such as diabetes, cancer, chronic lung, heart and kidney diseases). In some infected people, the symptoms are mild or have no symptoms, such as cold symptoms, and they usually heal.
Briefly, Symptoms of the Disease;
Shortness of breath
Nausea - Vomiting
How is it treated?
Since most people with Corona virus disease have a mild course, it heals without the need for drug treatment. However, painkillers, antipyretics, cough medications, and plenty of fluid support and rest are recommended to reduce some symptoms and soothe the patient. Inpatient treatments may be required for those with severe additional diseases and conditions.
Take these precautions to protect yourself from corona virus.
Standard recommendations to prevent the spread of infection include regular hand washing, closing the mouth and nose during coughing and sneezing, and thorough cooking of meat and eggs. We should avoid close contact with people who show signs of respiratory illness, such as coughing and sneezing.
There is currently no vaccine against MERS-CoV infection.
To prevent all respiratory diseases, including coronovirus, it is recommended that the following measures be applied regularly:
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for 20 seconds, and have young children wash the same way. If water and soap cannot be found, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with tissue paper, then throw it away.
Do not touch your mouth, nose, and eyes with dirty hands.
Avoid personal contact with patients, such as eating with the same captain, sharing the same glass or kissing.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as door handles and toys.
The World Health Organization must comply with the general hygiene rules when visiting people who are traveling to risky areas, farms, markets, stables and other places where animals are located, avoiding contact with sick animals, not consuming raw or poorly cooked animal products. warns about.
In addition, WHO (World Health Organization) recommends the following additional measures:
Avoid contact with camels,
Avoid drinking raw camel milk and camel urine,
Do not eat uncooked meat, especially camel meat.