US history on the United States ' s was established in North America is the history of the territory ranging from prehistoric times to the present day. For the centuries, only Indians had lived in this land before America was discovered by Christopher Columbus in the late 15th century . After the discovery, many European countries, including Spain , France and Great Britain , including the Netherlands , Sweden and Portugal , established colonies there. Thirteen British Colonies among these coloniesthere was also. Today, the USA was formed as a result of the independence of these colonies belonging to the British Empire in the 18th century .
Due to the wealth of US natural resources and a young and dynamic manpower, it quickly became industrialized throughout the 19th century. However, the American Civil War between 1861-1865 put the country under threat of fragmentation. The war ended with the success of the northern states, and the United States was once again in a period of rapid development. It played an important role in winning the First World War , which took place in the early 20th century, by the Entente States . II. The USA , which had a great success against Germany , Italy and Japan in World War II , has now become a superpower.
After these two world wars, the countries of the world were divided into two poles. During this period, called the Cold War , the US undertook the leadership of the Western Bloc under the umbrella of the NATO organization, while the Soviet Union was the leader of the Eastern Bloc ( Warsaw Pact ). During the Cold War, the United States participated in many wars, especially the Korean War and the Vietnam War . After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the Cold War ended. In 1990, Iraq 's Kuwait ' s on to occupy the first Gulf WarUSA defeated the Iraqi army in. The USA intervened in the Bosnian War and the Kosovo War in 1995 and 1999 with the help of NATO countries . In 2001, major US cities such as New York and Washington, DC witnessed September 11 attacks . In response to these attacks, the USA started the Afghanistan War in 2001 and the Iraq War in 2003 . These wars still continue without consequences.