IBM chose the Fraunhofer Institute in Stuttgart, Germany for the construction of one of the Q System One quantum computers. Research labs will also be built around the world's first "commercial" quantum computer.
The European Union (EU) is also included in the quantum computer race, which is one of the important dimensions of the competition between the USA and China . IBM decided to build one of the Q System One quantum computers at the Fraunhofer Institute near Stuttgart, Germany. Research laboratories will also be built around the quantum computer.
The computer in Germany, which will be built as the world's first commercial quantum computer, is expected to become operational in the next year . For a while, IBM has been allowing companies and research institutions to run algorithms on US-based quantum computers through the cloud. However, due to EU strict data sovereignty laws, European institutions are reluctant to transfer sensitive information across the Atlantic .
The meeting between Merkel and IBM CEO started
The collaboration between IBM and Fraunhofer started last year at the Davos World Economic Forum after a meeting between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and IBM CEO Ginni Rometty . Thinking that quantum computers had "many more ways to go" at first, Merkel was finally persuaded to have a basic computer in Europe.
Explaining that it will invest 650 million euros in quantum computing , the German government thinks that this technology is highly related to security policies, especially cryptography. That is why the German government and the German army said that funding research and development in the field of quantum computer technologies is essential.
IBM Europe President Martin Jetter said that having an EU-based quantum computer " will help shape the future of the European society" . Last year, researchers at Daimler , the producer of Mercedes-Benz , used IBM's quantum computers to simulate the complex chemistry of cells in the design of next-generation lithium batteries for electric vehicles.
The quantum computer network is said to be represented through competence centers in 6 German states in the first place. These German states; Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Renanya-Palatina, Berlin, Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia .